Sars extends rich tax dodger battle into other countries
Rich people not complying with tax laws will face the music, Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan warned on Monday.
In written reply to a parliamentary question, he said the amount of R50 billion reported in the media as being owed by high net worth individuals (HNWI) was an estimate of gross income rather than tax, and was based on statistical extrapolation of third party data.
"An accurate estimate of the potential tax liability of this group is not possible as each case is unique," he said.
For example, in some instances income might be held in trusts, companies, or other structures, while in other cases the income might have been derived from dividends or capital growth rather than remuneration, and therefore qualified for a lower rate of taxation.
That being said, the SA Revenue Service (SARS) was taking steps to improve compliance among HNWI. These included establishing a dedicated unit to handle the tax affairs of the HNWI segment. Improvements in compliance with the tax laws would be a focus area for SARS this year.
SARS was using its own data and data from third parties to identify failure to register as a taxpayer, undeclared income, and a variety of other forms of non-compliance.
Gordhan said SARS had also commenced audits and investigations on a number of wealthy individuals and their associated entities, such as trusts and companies. Given the complexity of tax affairs of many HNWIs, audits and investigations in this segment usually required a substantial and extended commitment of resources.
One such case involving over R200 million in tax and over R400 million in additional tax had involved litigation in multiple jurisdictions and had stretched for over a decade.
HNWIs were often internationally mobile, with assets and activities in other jurisdictions, which demanded a greater level of international co-operation. South Africa currently had 70 double taxation agreements and five tax information exchange agreements in force that provided for the exchange of information with other jurisdictions, he said.
SARS had also commenced joint audits with jurisdictions like Botswana, the United Kingdom, and the United States with respect to HNWIs.
"The legislative framework has been modified to limit arbitrage opportunities and close loopholes. As examples, the higher CGT [capital gains tax] and dividend tax rates have helped narrow the arbitrage gaps between normal income and capital gains and between the income derived in an individual's hands and through a corporate entity.
"As noted earlier, the information reported on by the media was based on a statistical extrapolation which indicated that there could be up to 9300 individuals in South Africa who meet the SARS criteria for registration as a HNWI.
"This appears at odds with SARS's current registration of 2300 HNWI," he said.
SARS was conducting follow up research and risk assessment to identify actual cases of non-compliance, including failure to register as a taxpayer. Where non-compliance was established, action was taken, including registration of the individual, imposing any tax outstanding, additional tax (understatement penalties) of up to 200 percent, and interest on outstanding amounts. Administrative penalties for failing to submit income tax returns could also be imposed.
"Collection efforts to recover the taxes payable, within the timeframes set by law, have begun on cases that have been finalised. Where appropriate, individuals could also face criminal charges," Gordhan said.